If you are a member of a union, overtime is dictated by the collective bargaining agreement (CBA) negotiated between the employer and union officials.Just like with individual employment, a CBA is a contractual agreement, and if the employer violates it they are subject to a civil suit.There is an important exception to this rule, though.If forced overtime would cause safety issues for the employee, lawmakers and regulatory groups can place certain restrictions on those hours.A 2019 update to the FLSA specifically exempts white collar jobs, where the worker’s duties fall into an executive, administrative, or professional capacity.There are also special rules for volunteers, independent contractors, and seasonal workers.
In 1974, the United States Congress passed the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), which provides funds to states for development of Child Protective Services (CPS) and hotlines to prevent serious injuries to children.
In many parts of the western world, mandated reporters are people who have regular contact with vulnerable people and are therefore legally required to ensure a report is made when abuse is observed or suspected.
Specific details vary across jurisdictions—the abuse that must be reported may include neglect, or financial, physical, sexual, or other types of abuse.
Semi-truck drivers and airline pilots are examples of industries where special rules about overtime and how many hours an employee can work within a period of time.
There are some groups that are protected from this open-ended approach to forced overtime, such as minors and those with disabilities.